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An Isotopic Dilution Approach for Quantifying Mercury Lability in Soils

Shetaya, Waleed H. ; Osterwalder, Stefan ; Bigalke, Moritz ; Mestrot, Adrien ; Huang, Jen-How ; Alewell, Christine (2022)
An Isotopic Dilution Approach for Quantifying Mercury Lability in Soils.
In: Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 2017, 4 (12)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00022854
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

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Item Type: Article
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: An Isotopic Dilution Approach for Quantifying Mercury Lability in Soils
Language: English
Date: 2022
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Year of primary publication: 2017
Publisher: ACS Publications
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science & Technology Letters
Volume of the journal: 4
Issue Number: 12
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00022854
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication service

The accurate estimation of soil mercury lability is crucial for risk assessment. In comparison to chemical fractionation and speciation, isotopic dilution (ID) offers precise definition of labile mercury fractions while maintaining the natural equilibrium. We developed and applied an ID protocol with ¹⁹⁹Hg to estimate the soil mercury (Hg) isotopically exchangeable (labile) pool or HgE using a range of industrially contaminated soils in Switzerland. The measured HgE values were consistent for the same soil against different spike levels (50, 100, and 200% of native ¹⁹⁹Hg), indicating that the spiked and soil isotopes achieved required dynamic equilibrium at the soil–water interface. Total soil Hg (THg; mg kg⁻¹) was the best predictor of HgE (mg kg⁻¹) and %HgE and accounted for 96 and 63% of the variance, respectively. Nonetheless, despite the wide range of THg values (0.37–310 mg kg⁻¹) in the studied soils, Hg lability spanned a narrow range (∼12–25% of THg), highlighting the large capacity of soils to sequester Hg in a very stable form. The “exchangeable pool” of Hg extracted by CH₃COONH₄ and MgCl₂ (<0.25 and <0.32% of THg, respectively) largely underestimated Hg lability in comparison to ID, suggesting the potential usefulness of the ID approach.

Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-228546
Classification DDC: 500 Science and mathematics > 550 Earth sciences and geology
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Department of Soil Mineralogy and Soil Chemistry
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2022 13:04
Last Modified: 08 May 2023 11:40
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/22854
PPN: 507359488
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