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Smooth or with a Snap! Biomechanics of Trap Reopening in the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)

Durak, Grażyna M. ; Thierer, Rebecca ; Sachse, Renate ; Bischoff, Manfred ; Speck, Thomas ; Poppinga, Simon (2022):
Smooth or with a Snap! Biomechanics of Trap Reopening in the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula). (Publisher's Version)
In: Advanced Science, 9 (22), Wiley-VCH, e-ISSN 2198-3844,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00022437,

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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication DeepGreen
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: Smooth or with a Snap! Biomechanics of Trap Reopening in the Venus Flytrap (Dionaea muscipula)
Language: English

Fast snapping in the carnivorous Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) involves trap lobe bending and abrupt curvature inversion (snap‐buckling), but how do these traps reopen? Here, the trap reopening mechanics in two different D. muscipula clones, producing normal‐sized (N traps, max. ≈3 cm in length) and large traps (L traps, max. ≈4.5 cm in length) are investigated. Time‐lapse experiments reveal that both N and L traps can reopen by smooth and continuous outward lobe bending, but only L traps can undergo smooth bending followed by a much faster snap‐through of the lobes. Additionally, L traps can reopen asynchronously, with one of the lobes moving before the other. This study challenges the current consensus on trap reopening, which describes it as a slow, smooth process driven by hydraulics and cell growth and/or expansion. Based on the results gained via three‐dimensional digital image correlation (3D‐DIC), morphological and mechanical investigations, the differences in trap reopening are proposed to stem from a combination of size and slenderness of individual traps. This study elucidates trap reopening processes in the (in)famous Dionaea snap traps – unique shape‐shifting structures of great interest for plant biomechanics, functional morphology, and applications in biomimetics, i.e., soft robotics.

Journal or Publication Title: Advanced Science
Volume of the journal: 9
Issue Number: 22
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Collation: 8 Seiten
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomechanics, carnivorous plants, mechanical instability problems, plant movement, snap‐buckling, snap‐traps
Classification DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 570 Biowissenschaften, Biologie
500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 580 Pflanzen (Botanik)
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Divisions: 10 Department of Biology > Botanischer Garten
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2022 13:23
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2022 09:27
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00022437
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-224372
SWORD Depositor: Deep Green
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/22437
PPN: 500226121
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