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A New Perspective on Cooking Stove Loss Coefficient Assessment by Means of the Second Law Analysis

Augustin, Lomena Mulenda ; Vertomene, Sumuna Temo ; Bernard, Ndaye Nkanka ; Sadiki, Amsini ; Haddy, Mbuyi Katshiatshia (2022):
A New Perspective on Cooking Stove Loss Coefficient Assessment by Means of the Second Law Analysis. (Publisher's Version)
In: Entropy, 24 (8), MDPI, e-ISSN 1099-4300,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00021859,
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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication DeepGreen
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: A New Perspective on Cooking Stove Loss Coefficient Assessment by Means of the Second Law Analysis
Language: English
Abstract:

The chimney effect taking place in biomass cooking stoves results from a conversion process between thermal and mechanical energy. The efficiency of this conversion is assessed with the stove loss coefficient. The derivation of this quantity in cooking stove modelling is still uncertain. Following fluid mechanics, this loss coefficient refers to an overall pressure drop through stove geometry by performing an energy balance according to the first law of thermodynamics. From this approach, heat-transfer processes are quite ignored yet they are important sources of irreversibilities. The present work takes a fresh look at stove loss coefficient assessment relying on the second law of thermodynamics. The purpose in this paper is to identify the influence of operating firepower level on flow dynamics in biomass natural convection-driven cooking stoves. To achieve that, a simplified analytical model of the entropy-generation rate in the flow field is developed. To validate the model, experiments are conducted first on a woodburning stove without cooking pot to better isolate physical processes governing the intrinsic behaviour of the stove. Then, for the practical case of a stove operating with a cooking pot in place, data from published literature have served for validation. In particular, mass-flow rate and flue gas temperature at different firepower levels have been monitored. It turns out that losses due to viscous dissipations are negligible compared to the global process dissipation. Exergy analysis reveals that the loss coefficient should rather be regarded from now as the availability to generate flow work primarily associated with the heat-transfer Carnot factor. In addition, the energy flux applied as flow work has to be considered as pure exergy that is lost through consecutive energy-transfer components comprising the convective heat transfer to the cooking pot. Finally, this paper reports a satisfactory agreement that emerged between the exergy Carnot factor and the experimental loss coefficient at different fuel-burning rates.

Journal or Publication Title: Entropy
Volume of the journal: 24
Issue Number: 8
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Publisher: MDPI
Collation: 27 Seiten
Uncontrolled Keywords: woodburning cooking stove, fuel-burning rate, buoyancy, loss coefficient, entropy-generation rate, Carnot factor, exergy
Classification DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute for Energy and Power Plant Technology (EKT)
16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute of Reactive Flows and Diagnostics (RSM)
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2022 13:06
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2022 12:51
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00021859
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-218593
SWORD Depositor: Deep Green
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/21859
PPN: 498755967
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