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Polarization dependence of ZnO Schottky barriers revealed by photoelectron spectroscopy

Wendel, Philipp ; Periyannan, Shanmugapriya ; Jaegermann, Wolfram ; Klein, Andreas (2022):
Polarization dependence of ZnO Schottky barriers revealed by photoelectron spectroscopy. (Publisher's Version)
In: Physical Review Materials, 4 (8), American Physical Society, e-ISSN 2475-9953,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00021184,
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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication service
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: Polarization dependence of ZnO Schottky barriers revealed by photoelectron spectroscopy
Language: English
Abstract:

In order to answer the question of whether Schottky barriers on polar ZnO surfaces are different at Zn- and O-terminated surfaces, the interface formation of n-type ZnO and different high work function metals and metal oxides (Pt, PtOₓ, and RuO₂) with Schottky barrier heights of up to 1.5 eV has been studied using photoelectron spectroscopy with in situ sample preparation. The experiments are designed to exclude the effects of substrate reduction and consequent Fermi level pinning by high concentrations of oxygen vacancies. Moreover, by including the Zn LMM Auger emission in the analysis, it is demonstrated that an accurate extraction of barrier heights needs to take into account that the screening of the photoelectron core hole can change in the course of contact formation. The polarization dependence of Schottky barriers, which is important for piezotronic applications, is in most cases dominated by the influence of defects. Reducing the influence of defects, up to ∼240 meV higher Schottky barriers are revealed on oxygen-terminated surfaces. This is opposite to what has been reported in the literature but agrees with the dependence of barrier heights expected for an incomplete screening of the polarization of ZnO by the electrode as for ferroelectric materials.

Journal or Publication Title: Physical Review Materials
Volume of the journal: 4
Issue Number: 8
Publisher: American Physical Society
Collation: 8 Seiten
Classification DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 530 Physik
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Electronic Structure of Materials (ESM)
11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Material Science > Surface Science
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2022 11:13
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2022 11:13
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00021184
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-211844
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/21184
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