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Numerical Investigation on the Effect of the Oxymethylene Ether-3 (OME3) Blending Ratio in Premixed Sooting Ethylene Flames

Schmitz, Robert ; Sirignano, Mariano ; Hasse, Christian ; Ferraro, Federica (2022):
Numerical Investigation on the Effect of the Oxymethylene Ether-3 (OME3) Blending Ratio in Premixed Sooting Ethylene Flames. (Publisher's Version)
In: Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering, 7, Frontiers Media, ISSN 2297-3079,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00020796,

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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication via sponsored Golden Open Access
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: Numerical Investigation on the Effect of the Oxymethylene Ether-3 (OME3) Blending Ratio in Premixed Sooting Ethylene Flames
Language: English

Synthetic fuels, especially oxygenated fuels, which can be used as blending components, make it possible to modify the emission properties of conventional fossil fuels. Among oxygenated fuels, one promising candidate is oxymethylene ether-3 (OME₃). In this work, the sooting propensity of ethylene (C₂H₄) blended with OME₃ is numerically investigated on a series of laminar burner-stabilized premixed flames with increasing amounts of OME₃, from pure ethylene to pure OME₃. The numerical analysis is performed using the Conditional Quadrature Method of Moments combined with a detailed physicochemical soot model. Two different equivalence ratios corresponding to a lightly and a highly sooting flame condition have been investigated. The study examines how different blending ratios of the two fuels affect soot particle formation and a correlation between OME₃ blending ratio and corresponding soot reduction is established. The soot precursor species in the gas-phase are analyzed along with the soot volume fraction of small nanoparticles and large aggregates. Furthermore, the influence of the OME₃ blending on the particle size distribution is studied applying the entropy maximization concept. The effect of increasing amounts of OME₃ is found to be different for soot nanoparticles and larger aggregates. While OME₃ blending significantly reduces the amount of larger aggregates, only large amounts of OME₃, close to pure OME₃, lead to a considerable suppression of nanoparticles formed throughout the flame. A linear correlation is identified between the OME₃ content in the fuel and the reduction in the soot volume fraction of larger aggregates, while smaller blending ratios may lead to an increased number of nanoparticles for some positions in the flame for the richer flame condition.

Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering
Volume of the journal: 7
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Collation: 11 Seiten
Classification DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 600 Technik
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Simulation of reactive Thermo-Fluid Systems (STFS)
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 12:22
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2022 12:20
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00020796
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-207967
Additional Information:

Keywords: oxymethylene ether-3 (OME3), PODE3, soot particle formation, soot modeling, alternative fuels, Quadrature Method of Moments (QMOM)

URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/20796
PPN: 492621721
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