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High resolution modeling of the impact of urbanization and green infrastructure on the water and energy balance

Wiegels, Rebecca ; Chapa, Fernando ; Hack, Jochen (2022):
High resolution modeling of the impact of urbanization and green infrastructure on the water and energy balance. (Publisher's Version)
In: Urban Climate, 39, Elsevier, ISSN 2212-0955,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00020306,
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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication service
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: High resolution modeling of the impact of urbanization and green infrastructure on the water and energy balance
Language: English
Abstract:

Sealed surfaces in urban areas change the water and energy balance resulting in decreased evapotranspiration and infiltration, magnified stormwater runoff, and sensible heat fluxes. Urban Green Infrastructures (UGI) are implemented to reverse such effects. This study examines the potential of a high-resolution grid-based model to show the impact of different degrees of urban land cover. The study area was divided into 52 cells and cells were categorized into four urban degrees of urbanization. Two scenarios were considered to represent the existing conditions of a study area in the Great Metropolitan Area of Costa Rica and the effects derived from the implementation of UGI. The software Surface Urban Energy and Water Balance Scheme (SUEWS) was employed to simulate both scenarios and compare them by using the Bowen ratio (β) as an indicator of changes in the energy balance. The results show a reduction of β associated with the spatial distribution of the cells with different degrees of urbanization, even in the cells where no changes were considered. Applying the SUEWS approach based on high-resolved land cover classes distribution enables a more detailed understanding of micro-climatic benefits of UGI in high-density urban areas and may result in additional insights for decision-making.

Journal or Publication Title: Urban Climate
Volume of the journal: 39
Publisher: Elsevier
Collation: 18 Seiten
Classification DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 550 Geowissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Divisions: 11 Department of Materials and Earth Sciences > Earth Science > Ecological Engineering
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2022 07:51
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2022 07:52
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00020306
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-203065
Additional Information:

Keywords: Green infrastructure, Water balance, SUEWS, Energy balance, Bowen ratio, Urbanization

URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/20306
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