TU Darmstadt / ULB / TUprints

Eco-Factors for International Company Environmental Management Systems

Schebek, Liselotte ; Gassmann, Andrea ; Nunweiler, Elisabeth ; Wellge, Steffen ; Werthen, Moritz (2022)
Eco-Factors for International Company Environmental Management Systems.
In: Sustainability, 2022, 13 (24)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00020285
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

Copyright Information: CC BY 4.0 International - Creative Commons, Attribution.

Download (8MB) | Preview
Item Type: Article
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Eco-Factors for International Company Environmental Management Systems
Language: English
Date: 13 April 2022
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Year of primary publication: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Journal or Publication Title: Sustainability
Volume of the journal: 13
Issue Number: 24
Collation: 19 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00020285
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication DeepGreen

Environmental management systems (EMS) require the assessment of environmental aspects to ensure that organizations recognize their most relevant impacts on the environment. The ecological scarcity method (ESM) provides weighting factors for environmental flows (pollutants and resources), called eco-factors (EF), applicable in the assessment of environmental aspects. EF are based on a distance-to-target approach, displaying the ratio of the current state to the respective policy targets for environmental flows. The ESM has been developed for Switzerland; however, for site-specific application beyond Switzerland, national EF are desirable. This publication presents a systematic procedure for the derivation of EF in an international framework, based on the investigation of eight countries worldwide and comprehensive data research. As a novel feature, the grouping of EF into sets is introduced, according to the character of the underlying policy target: legally based, intended policy, or expert recommendation. Overall, 134 EF for six environmental issues were calculated and applied in a case study from Volkswagen AG. An in-depth analysis identifies the differences between national EF and between sets of EF and discusses the implications for EMS. From the findings, general conclusions for future development and the application of EF in an international context of company management are derived.

Uncontrolled Keywords: environmental scarcity method, eco-factors, environmental management systems, environmental aspects, weighting, policy targets
Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-202858
Classification DDC: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering and machine engineering
Divisions: 13 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Sciences > Institute IWAR
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2022 11:21
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2023 19:04
SWORD Depositor: Deep Green
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/20285
PPN: 500732361
Actions (login required)
View Item View Item