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Revisiting the prioritization of emotional information in iconic memory

Kattner, Florian ; Clausen, Alexandra (2021)
Revisiting the prioritization of emotional information in iconic memory.
In: Royal Society Open Science, 2021, 7 (10)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00019268
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

Copyright Information: CC BY 4.0 International - Creative Commons, Attribution.

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Item Type: Article
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Revisiting the prioritization of emotional information in iconic memory
Language: English
Date: 2021
Year of primary publication: 2021
Publisher: The Royal Society Publishing
Journal or Publication Title: Royal Society Open Science
Volume of the journal: 7
Issue Number: 10
Collation: 15 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019268
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication via sponsored Golden Open Access

In this replication study, the previously reported prioritization of emotional stimuli in iconic memory (Kuhbandner et al. 2011. Psychol. Sci. 22, 695–700. (doi:10.1177/0956797611406445)) was reinvestigated. Therefore, recall from iconic memory was measured for sets of visual images that were briefly presented in the periphery of the visual field. Using a partial-report technique, a central arrow presented at varying delays after the images was pointing to the location of the to-be-recalled target. In the direct replication (experiment 1, n = 41), participants were asked to verbally report the cued image (note that the entire planned sample size could not be reached owing to the COVID- 19 pandemic), and in an extension experiment (experiment 2, n = 55), iconic memory was tested using a visual recognition test. Both experiments demonstrated prioritized selection of emotional targets from iconic memory, with higher verbal recall and visual recognition accuracy for negative and positive targets compared to neutral targets. In addition, we found that the presence of emotional distractors in the set interfered with the selection of neutral targets, thus confirming a trend that was observed in the original study. Exponential decay curves further revealed that both target and distractor valence primarily affected initial availability (in case of verbal recall) and attentional selection, whereas the decay of iconic memory with increasing cue delay was less sensitive to the emotional meaning.

Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-192688
Classification DDC: 100 Philosophy and psychology > 150 Psychology
Divisions: 03 Department of Human Sciences > Institute for Psychology > Applied Cognitive Psychology
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2021 07:40
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2021 07:40
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/19268
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