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A Prosthetic Shank With Adaptable Torsion Stiffness and Foot Alignment

Schuy, Jochen ; Stech, Nadine ; Harris, Graham ; Beckerle, Philipp ; Zahedi, Saeed ; Rinderknecht, Stephan (2021):
A Prosthetic Shank With Adaptable Torsion Stiffness and Foot Alignment. (Publisher's Version)
In: Frontiers in Neurorobotics, 14, Frontiers, ISSN 1662-5218,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00017846,

Copyright Information: CC BY 4.0 International - Creative Commons, Attribution.

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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication via sponsored Golden Open Access
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: A Prosthetic Shank With Adaptable Torsion Stiffness and Foot Alignment
Language: English

Torsion adapters in lower limb prostheses aim to increase comfort, mobility and health of users by allowing rotation in the transversal plane. A preliminary study with two transtibial amputees indicated correlations between torsional stiffness and foot alignment to increase comfort and stability of the user depending on the gait situation and velocity. This paper presents the design and proof-of-concept of an active, bio-inspired prosthetic shank adapter and a novel approach to create a user-specific human-machine interaction through adapting the device’s properties. To provide adequate support, load data and subjective feedback of subjects are recorded and analyzed regarding defined gait situations. The results are merged to an user individual preference-setting matrix to select optimal parameters for each gait situation and velocity. A control strategy is implemented to render the specified desired torsional stiffness and transversal foot alignment values to achieve situation-dependent adaptation based on the input of designed gait detection algorithms. The proposed parallel elastic drive train mimics the functions of bones and muscles in the human shank. It is designed to provide the desired physical human-machine interaction properties along with optimized actuator energy consumption. Following test bench verification, trials with five participants with lower limb amputation at different levels are performed for basic validation. The results suggest improved movement support in turning maneuvers. Subjective user feedback confirmed a noticeable reduction of load at the stump and improved ease of turning.

Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
Volume of the journal: 14
Publisher: Frontiers
Collation: 13 Seiten
Classification DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 600 Technik
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Institute for Mechatronic Systems in Mechanical Engineering (IMS)
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2021 08:07
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2021 08:08
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00017846
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-178468
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/17846
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