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Cross-Modal Transfer Following Auditory Task-Switching Training in Old Adults

Toovey, Benjamin Robert William ; Kattner, Florian ; Schubert, Torsten (2024)
Cross-Modal Transfer Following Auditory Task-Switching Training in Old Adults.
In: Frontiers in Psychology, 2021, 12
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00017778
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

Copyright Information: CC BY 4.0 International - Creative Commons, Attribution.

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Item Type: Article
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Cross-Modal Transfer Following Auditory Task-Switching Training in Old Adults
Language: English
Date: 12 March 2024
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Year of primary publication: 25 February 2021
Place of primary publication: Lausanne
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Psychology
Volume of the journal: 12
Collation: 15 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00017778
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication DeepGreen

Maintaining and coordinating multiple task-sets is difficult and leads to costs, however task-switching training can reduce these deficits. A recent study in young adults demonstrated that this training effect occurs at an amodal processing level. Old age is associated with reduced cognitive plasticity and further increases the performance costs when mixing multiple tasks. Thus, cognitive aging might be a limiting factor for inducing cross-modal training effects in a task-switching environment. We trained participants, aged 62–83 years, with an auditory task-switching paradigm over four sessions (2880 total trials), to investigate whether training-related reductions in task-switching costs would also manifest in an untrained visual modality version of the task. Two control groups trained with single tasks (active control) or not trained (passive control) allowed us to identify improvements specific to task-switching training. To make statistical evaluations of any age differences in training and cross-modal transfer, the data from the Kattner cohort were incorporated into the present analysis. Despite the tendency for older adults to respond more cautiously, task-switching training specifically led to a mixing cost reduction in both trained and untrained modalities, the magnitude of which was statistically similar regardless of age. In line with a growing body of research, we failed to observe any far transfer effects in measures of inhibition, working memory or fluid intelligence. Overall, we conclude that any apparent cognitive limitations associated with aging do not prevent cognitive control processes which support set-shifting from improving at an amodal level.

Uncontrolled Keywords: task-switching training, cross-modal transfer, executive functions, cognitive plasticity, cognitive aging
Identification Number: Artikel-ID: 615518
Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-177788
Additional Information:

This article is part of the Research Topic: The Differential Effects of Cognitive Training and Environmental Enrichment on Cognitive Abilities

Specialty section: This article was submitted to Cognition, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

Classification DDC: 100 Philosophy and psychology > 150 Psychology
Divisions: 03 Department of Human Sciences > Institute for Psychology > Applied Cognitive Psychology
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2024 13:09
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2024 09:44
SWORD Depositor: Deep Green
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/17778
PPN: 51966714X
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