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Phenomenological Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes

Wang, Yongqi ; Hutter, Kolumban (2023)
Phenomenological Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes.
In: Entropy, 2018, 20 (6)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00016805
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

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Item Type: Article
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Phenomenological Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes
Language: English
Date: 20 November 2023
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Year of primary publication: 2018
Place of primary publication: Basel
Publisher: MDPI
Journal or Publication Title: Entropy
Volume of the journal: 20
Issue Number: 6
Collation: 15 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00016805
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication DeepGreen

Phenomenological Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes have its roots in the 19th century with N.L.S Carnot and his general statement in 1824 [1,2] that mechanical work can be gained from heat. J.R. Mayer in 1842 [3] formulated the equivalence principle of convertibility into heat and vice versa. He may have been the first to formulate the “First Law” of thermodynamics. It was R.E. Clausius who established the “Second Law” of thermodynamics in 1850 [4]. He phrased it in terms of the concept of “entropy” in 1865 [5] and, therefore, brought the structure of thermodynamics to a provisional closure. Nearly simultaneously, W. Thomson (Lord Kelvin) [6] had presented a different form of the Second Law in 1851. This expressed the observationally suggested and unanimously verified “principle of irreversibility” of all physical processes. The period, approximately from the mid-19th century up to the 1940s, was characterized by acquiring a deeper understanding of the principles. By introducing the concept of the absolute temperature by Lord Kelvin in 1857 [6] as a measure of coldness of a body point, the meaning of entropy as an additive monotonic quantity of a thermostatic system under adiabatic conditions (see Caratheodory 1909 [7]) demonstrates the irreversibility principle for the impossibility of “perpetua mobile”.

Uncontrolled Keywords: Maxwell relations, Hyperbolic heat conduction, Internal variables and mesoscopic theory, Least-action and heat conduction, Mean field theory of turbulence, reaction-diffusion systems, supersonic gas ejector, Thermodynamics of gradient elasticity, Thermodynamically constrained averaging theory, Transcritical N₂O refrigeration, Tsallis thermodynamics in 2D turbulence, Variational nonequilibrium thermodynamics
Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-168052
Additional Information:

This article belongs to the Special Issue Phenomenological Thermodynamics of Irreversible Processes

Classification DDC: 600 Technology, medicine, applied sciences > 620 Engineering and machine engineering
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Fluid Dynamics (fdy)
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2023 15:04
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2023 12:33
SWORD Depositor: Deep Green
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/16805
PPN: 513544410
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