Short-Ranged Central and Tensor Correlations in Nuclear Many-Body Systems.
Technische Universität, Darmstadt
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2002)
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|Item Type:||Ph.D. Thesis|
|Title:||Short-Ranged Central and Tensor Correlations in Nuclear Many-Body Systems|
In this work a unitary correlation operator is presented that explicitly describes the short-ranged central and tensor correlations in the nuclear many-body system. These short-ranged correlations are induced by the repulsive core and the pronounced tensor force of realistic nucleon-nucleon interactions and cannot be described by the simple many-body states of a mean-field or shell model approach. The unitary correlation operator is discussed for the Argonne V18 and the Bonn-A interactions. Applying the correlation operator onto the Hamiltonian a common effective interaction for low momenta is obtained. Calculations for 4He using the one- and two-body part of the correlated Hamiltonian compare favorably with exact many-body methods. Calculations for 16O and 40Ca which are not possible with exact methods are performed using harmonic oscillator shell model states. The observed deviation from the experimental binding energies and radii is attributed to the missing three-body forces. The correlated interaction in a basis-free representation is used in the Fermionic Molecular Dynamics model to calculate the nuclei of the p- and the sd-shell. In this model the uncorrelated many-particle state is given as a Slaterdeterminant of Gaussian wave-packets with spin and isospin degrees of freedom which allows a consistent description of spherically symmetric, intrinsically deformed and clustered nuclei.
|Place of Publication:||Darmstadt|
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||kurzreichweitige Korrelationen, Tensorkraft, tensorielle Korrelationen, Fermionische Molekulardynamik, Unitärer Korrelationsoperator|
|Divisions:||05 Department of Physics|
|Date Deposited:||17 Oct 2008 09:21|
|Last Modified:||07 Dec 2012 11:48|
|Referees:||Nörenberg, Prof.Dr. Wolfgang and Wambach, Prof.Dr. Jochen|
|Advisors:||Feldmeier, Prof.Dr. Hans|
|Refereed:||29 May 2002|