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Emergency Communication in Challenged Environments via Unmanned Ground and Aerial Vehicles

Baumgärtner, Lars ; Kohlbrecher, Stefan ; Euler, Juliane ; Ritter, Tobias ; Stute, Milan ; Meurisch, Christian ; Mühlhäuser, Max ; Hollick, Matthias ; Stryk, Oskar von ; Freisleben, Bernd (2017):
Emergency Communication in Challenged Environments via Unmanned Ground and Aerial Vehicles. (Postprint)
In: GHTC 2017, IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, pp. 1-9,
Piscataway, NJ, IEEE, IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference, San Jose, CA, USA, 19.-22.10.2017, ISBN 978-1-5090-6046-7,
DOI: 10.25534/tuprints-00013328,
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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item
Origin: Secondary publication service
Status: Postprint
Title: Emergency Communication in Challenged Environments via Unmanned Ground and Aerial Vehicles
Language: English
Abstract:

Unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are promising assets to support rescue operations in natural or man-made disasters. Most UGVs and UAVs deployed in the field today depend on human operators and reliable network connections to the vehicles. However, network connections in challenged environments are often lost, thus control can no longer be exercised. In this paper, we present a novel approach to emergency communication where semi-autonomous UGVs and UAVs cooperate with humans to dynamically form communication islands and establish communication bridges between these islands. Humans typically form an island with their mobile devices if they are in physical proximity; UGVs and UAVs extend an island's range by carrying data to a neighboring island. The proposed approach uses delay/disruption-tolerant networking for non-time critical tasks and direct mesh connections for prioritized tasks that require real-time feedback. The developed communication platform runs on rescue robots, commodity mobile devices, and various drones, and supports our operations and control center software for disaster management.

Title of Book: GHTC 2017, IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference
Place of Publication: Piscataway, NJ
Publisher: IEEE
Classification DDC: 000 Allgemeines, Informatik, Informationswissenschaft > 004 Informatik
Divisions: 20 Department of Computer Science > Sichere Mobile Netze
20 Department of Computer Science > Telecooperation
LOEWE > LOEWE-Schwerpunkte > NiCER – Networked infrastructureless Cooperation for Emergency Response
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanisms Adaptation for the Future Internet
DFG-Collaborative Research Centres (incl. Transregio) > Collaborative Research Centres > CRC 1053: MAKI – Multi-Mechanisms Adaptation for the Future Internet > A: Construction Methodology > Subproject A3: Migration
Event Title: IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference
Event Location: San Jose, CA, USA
Event Dates: 19.-22.10.2017
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 12:56
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2020 20:14
DOI: 10.25534/tuprints-00013328
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-133282
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/13328
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