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Optimizing System Reliability in Additive Manufacturing Using Physics-Informed Machine Learning

Wenzel, Sören ; Slomski-Vetter, Elena ; Melz, Tobias (2022)
Optimizing System Reliability in Additive Manufacturing Using Physics-Informed Machine Learning.
In: Machines, 10 (7)
doi: 10.26083/tuprints-00022069
Article, Secondary publication, Publisher's Version

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Item Type: Article
Type of entry: Secondary publication
Title: Optimizing System Reliability in Additive Manufacturing Using Physics-Informed Machine Learning
Language: English
Date: 2022
Place of Publication: Darmstadt
Publisher: MDPI
Journal or Publication Title: Machines
Volume of the journal: 10
Issue Number: 7
Collation: 23 Seiten
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00022069
Corresponding Links:
Origin: Secondary publication via sponsored Golden Open Access

Fused filament fabrication (FFF), an additive manufacturing process, is an emerging technology with issues in the uncertainty of mechanical properties and quality of printed parts. The consideration of all main and interaction effects when changing print parameters is not efficiently feasible, due to existing stochastic dependencies. To address this issue, a machine learning method is developed to increase reliability by optimizing input parameters and predicting system responses. A structure of artificial neural networks (ANN) is proposed that predicts a system response based on input parameters and observations of the system and similar systems. In this way, significant input parameters for a reliable system can be determined. The ANN structure is part of physics-informed machine learning and is pretrained with domain knowledge (DK) to require fewer observations for full training. This includes theoretical knowledge of idealized systems and measured data. New predictions for a system response can be made without retraining but by using further observations from the predicted system. Therefore, the predictions are available in real time, which is a precondition for the use in industrial environments. Finally, the application of the developed method to print bed adhesion in FFF and the increase in system reliability are discussed and evaluated.

Uncontrolled Keywords: reliability optimization; physics-informed machine learning; recurrent neural network; knowledge transfer; additive manufacturing; Latin hypercube sampling
Status: Publisher's Version
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-220695
Classification DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und Maschinenbau
Divisions: 16 Department of Mechanical Engineering > Research group System Reliability, Adaptive Structures, and Machine Acoustics (SAM)
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2022 12:18
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2022 08:25
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/22069
PPN: 498613437
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