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Indicators for the Signal degradation and Optimization of Automotive Radar Sensors under Adverse Weather Conditions

Arage Hassen, Alebel :
Indicators for the Signal degradation and Optimization of Automotive Radar Sensors under Adverse Weather Conditions.
[Online-Edition]
TU Darmstadt
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2007)

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Item Type: Ph.D. Thesis
Title: Indicators for the Signal degradation and Optimization of Automotive Radar Sensors under Adverse Weather Conditions
Language: English
Abstract:

In recent years vehicle radar and lidar sensors are widely used as sources of control signals for Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control and Collision Mitigation systems. These devices are operating in the millimeter wave and infrared range in which their performance may be degraded by adverse weather conditions. Currently available information regarding the signal interaction with fog, rain, snow and spray make clear that millimeter-wave radar sensors are far less affected by adverse weather conditions than infrared-based sensors. However, when automotive radar sensors are particularly designed for safety-oriented systems, the effects of critical issues (such as water film and heavy rains) on the sensor performance become of the uttermost importance. In this thesis, an analysis of the effects of water film and rain on millimeter-wave propagation have been presented. Based on the fundamental formulation of wave propagation and scattering in stratified as well as random media, physical parameters describing the wave interaction with the water film and rains have been studied and assessed. It has been shown that both significantly attenuate millimeter-wave signals, and may exert an adverse influence on detection performance of millimeter-wave radar sensors. Consequently, water-film and rain indicators have been derived from returned signals to convey for the first time wet-antenna and rain information to the radar sensor system, where they could be employed for monitoring the radar detection performance. Methods have also been worked out in detail for low-cost measurement of water-film and rain indicators in the radar system. Experimental investigations have been exhibited to be able to satisfactorily implement these indicators in production. Finally, techniques have been introduced to show how detection performance could be optimized. The presented findings emphasize the importance of identification of water film and rain and of being able to optimize detection performance in order to assure availability of automotive radar senors in adverse weather conditions. Results should also be significant for all kinds of millimeter-wave radar sensors where wave interactions with water film on the surface of the radar antenna or its protecting radome as well as with rains in the radar beams are the key issue.

Alternative Abstract:
Alternative AbstractLanguage
Automotive Radar- und Lidarsensoren werden in den letzten Jahren als Steuersignalequelle für Systemen wie Autonomous Intelligent Cruise Control (AICC) und Collision Mitigation (CM) verstaerkt eingesetzt. Diese Sensoren operieren in Millimeterwellen und Infrarotbereich, in welche ihre performanz bei sclechten Wetterverhaeltnisse signifikant degradiert werden koennen, und muessen diesen durch geeignetes Design erkannt und angepasst werden. Besonders wichtig für Millimeterwelle basierten Automotiveradarsensoren ist die automatische Erkennung von der Wasserfilm auf der Antennenoeberflaeche und dem Regen im Uebertragungsmedium um die Degradation der Radarsichtweit und -detektionsvermoegen dynamisch zu unterdruecken bzw. zu vermeiden. In dieser Dissertationsarbeit werden neueartigen Wasserfilm- und Regenindikatoren vorgestellt, die kostenguenstig mit dem am Markt vertretenden Automotiveradarsensor von Bosch demonstriert sind und waehrend dieser Arbeit auf Serientauglichkeit untersucht worden. Ferner wird ein Performanzoptimierungsverfahren zur Gewaehrleistung der Radarsensorverfuegbarkait bei schlechtem Wetter presentieren.German
Uncontrolled Keywords: Millimeter radar Signaldegradation, Automotive radar Performanzdegradation, Automotive radar Performanzoptimierung, Radarsensorblindheit
Alternative keywords:
Alternative keywordsLanguage
Millimeter radar Signaldegradation, Automotive radar Performanzdegradation, Automotive radar Performanzoptimierung, RadarsensorblindheitGerman
Millimeter radar signal degradation, Automotive radar performance degradation, Automotive radar performance optimization, Radar sensor blindnessEnglish
Classification DDC: 600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
Divisions: Fachbereich Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2008 09:22
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2012 11:52
Official URL: http://elib.tu-darmstadt.de/diss/000765
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-7653
License: Simple publication rights for ULB
Referees: Jakoby, Prof. Dr. Rolf and Knoll, Prof. Dr. Peter
Advisors: Jakoby, Prof. Dr. Rolf
Refereed: 18 December 2006
URI: http://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/765
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