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Sensor-Motor Maps for Describing Linear Reflex Composition in Hopping

Schumacher, Christian and Seyfarth, André :
Sensor-Motor Maps for Describing Linear Reflex Composition in Hopping.
[Online-Edition]
In: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, 11 ISSN 1662-5188
[Article], (2017)

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Item Type: Article
Title: Sensor-Motor Maps for Describing Linear Reflex Composition in Hopping
Language: English
Abstract:

In human and animal motor control several sensory organs contribute to a network of sensory pathways modulating the motion depending on the task and the phase of execution to generate daily motor tasks such as locomotion. To better understand the individual and joint contribution of reflex pathways in locomotor tasks, we developed a neuromuscular model that describes hopping movements. In this model, we consider the influence of proprioceptive length (LFB), velocity (VFB) and force feedback (FFB) pathways of a leg extensor muscle on hopping stability, performance and efficiency (metabolic effort). Therefore, we explore the space describing the blending of the monosynaptic reflex pathway gains. We call this reflex parameter space a sensor-motor map. The sensor-motor maps are used to visualize the functional contribution of sensory pathways in multisensory integration. We further evaluate the robustness of these sensor-motor maps to changes in tendon elasticity, body mass, segment length and ground compliance. The model predicted that different reflex pathway compositions selectively optimize specific hopping characteristics (e.g., performance and efficiency). Both FFB and LFB were pathways that enable hopping. FFB resulted in the largest hopping heights, LFB enhanced hopping efficiency and VFB had the ability to disable hopping. For the tested case, the topology of the sensor-motor maps as well as the location of functionally optimal compositions were invariant to changes in system designs (tendon elasticity, body mass, segment length) or environmental parameters (ground compliance). Our results indicate that different feedback pathway compositions may serve different functional roles. The topology of the sensor-motor map was predicted to be robust against changes in the mechanical system design indicating that the reflex system can use different morphological designs, which does not apply for most robotic systems (for which the control often follows a specific design). Consequently, variations in body mechanics are permitted with consistent compositions of sensory feedback pathways. Given the variability in human body morphology, such variations are highly relevant for human motor control.

Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
Volume: 11
Classification DDC: 700 Künste und Unterhaltung > 796 Sport
Divisions: 03 Department Human Sciences > Institut für Sportwissenschaft
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2017 12:12
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2018 11:25
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fncom.2017.00108
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-70362
URI: http://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/7036
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