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Thermodynamically Consistent Formulation of Induced Anisotropy in Polar Ice Accounting for Grain Rotation, Grain-size Evolution and Recrystallization.

Placidi, Luca :
Thermodynamically Consistent Formulation of Induced Anisotropy in Polar Ice Accounting for Grain Rotation, Grain-size Evolution and Recrystallization.
[Online-Edition]
TU Darmstadt
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2005)

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Item Type: Ph.D. Thesis
Title: Thermodynamically Consistent Formulation of Induced Anisotropy in Polar Ice Accounting for Grain Rotation, Grain-size Evolution and Recrystallization.
Language: English
Abstract:

In this thesis we present a general theory able to comprehend important phenomena related to the dynamics of a polycrystalline material such as the ice of an ice sheet. The theoretical framework is founded upon the Theory of Mixtures with Continuous Diversity, for which the second law of thermodynamics is exploited to get a complete set of restrictions on the constitutive equations. The main goal of such an exploitation is to provide a theoretical tool to investigate the effects of the micostructure on the mechanical behaviour of polycrystalline materials. An explicit anisotropic constitutive law is given for the stretching tensor of an incompressible polycrystalline material in terms of its deviatoric stress tensor and of the distribution (Orientation Distribution Function or ODF) of the lattice orientations of the crystallites belonging to the polycrystal. Such a law is able to comprehend the mechanical response for any state of deformation, it is objective and its validity is checked by some remarkable examples. The evolution of the anisotropy is modelled with the aid of the evolution of the ODF, and it is not postulated ab initio. The balance of mass, as it is given in the form of the presented mixture with continuous diversity, provides such an evolution equation, that contains two constitutive functions. They are able to model the grain rotation and the Grain Boundary Migation (GBM) and recrystallization, respectively. We provide also a proposal for the explicit form of these two functions. From the balance of mass in the form of the presented mixture with continuous diversity, we have also derived a general evolution equation of the distribution of grain sizes. Two constitutive functions are present in this new equation. They are able to model the effects of grain growth and polygonization, respectively, on the evolution of the distribution of grain sizes. Even in this case, we give our proposal for the explicit form of these two functions. Results about the evolution of the dislocation density is also given.

Alternative Abstract:
Alternative AbstractLanguage
In this thesis we present a general theory able to comprehend important phenomena related to the dynamics of a polycrystalline material such as the ice of an ice sheet. The theoretical framework is founded upon the Theory of Mixtures with Continuous Diversity, for which the second law of thermodynamics is exploited to get a complete set of restrictions on the constitutive equations. The main goal of such an exploitation is to provide a theoretical tool to investigate the effects of the micostructure on the mechanical behaviour of polycrystalline materials. An explicit anisotropic constitutive law is given for the stretching tensor of an incompressible polycrystalline material in terms of its deviatoric stress tensor and of the distribution (Orientation Distribution Function or ODF) of the lattice orientations of the crystallites belonging to the polycrystal. Such a law is able to comprehend the mechanical response for any state of deformation, it is objective and its validity is checked by some remarkable examples. The evolution of the anisotropy is modelled with the aid of the evolution of the ODF, and it is not postulated ab initio. The balance of mass, as it is given in the form of the presented mixture with continuous diversity, provides such an evolution equation, that contains two constitutive functions. They are able to model the grain rotation and the Grain Boundary Migation (GBM) and recrystallization, respectively. We provide also a proposal for the explicit form of these two functions. From the balance of mass in the form of the presented mixture with continuous diversity, we have also derived a general evolution equation of the distribution of grain sizes. Two constitutive functions are present in this new equation. They are able to model the effects of grain growth and polygonization, respectively, on the evolution of the distribution of grain sizes. Even in this case, we give our proposal for the explicit form of these two functions. Results about the evolution of the dislocation density is also given.English
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grain Boundary Migration, Continuous Diversity, Lagrange Multipliers, Ice cores
Alternative keywords:
Alternative keywordsLanguage
Grain Boundary Migration, Continuous Diversity, Lagrange Multipliers, Ice coresEnglish
Classification DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 500 Naturwissenschaften
Divisions: FB 06 (Mechanik, 2006 eingegliedert in FB Maschinenbau/Strukturdynamik)
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2008 09:22
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2012 11:51
Official URL: http://elib.tu-darmstadt.de/diss/000614
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-6145
License: Simple publication rights for ULB
Referees: Hutter, Ph. D. Kolumban; Prof. and Svendsen, Prof. Dr. Bob
Advisors: Hutter, Ph. D. Kolumban; Prof.
Refereed: 17 November 2004
URI: http://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/614
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