Random Unitary Operations and Quantum Darwinism.
Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2016)
Available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No-derivatives 3.0 de.
|Item Type:||Ph.D. Thesis|
|Title:||Random Unitary Operations and Quantum Darwinism|
We study the behavior of Quantum Darwinism (Zurek, Nature Physics 5, 181 - 188 (2009)) within the iterative, random unitary operations qubit-model of pure decoherence (Novotn´y et al, New Jour. Phys. 13, 053052 (2011)). We conclude that Quantum Darwinism, which describes the quantum mechanical evolution of an open system from the point of view of its environment, is not a generic phenomenon, but depends on the specific form of initial states and on the type of system-environment interactions.
Furthermore, we show that within the random unitary model the concept of Quantum Darwinism enables one to explicitly construct and specify artificial initial states of environment that allow to store information about an open system of interest and its pointer-basis with maximal efficiency. Furthermore, we investigate the behavior of Quantum Darwinism after introducing dissipation into the iterative random unitary qubit model with pure decoherence in accord with V. Scarani et al (Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097905 (2002)) and reconstruct the corresponding dissipative attractor space. We conclude that in Zurek’s qubit model Quantum Darwinism depends on the order in which pure decoherence and dissipation act upon an initial state of the entire system. We show explicitly that introducing dissipation into the random unitary evolution model in general suppresses Quantum Darwinism (regardless of the order in which decoherence and dissipation are applied) for all positive non-zero values of the dissipation strength parameter, even for those initial state configurations which, in Zurek’s qubit model and in the random unitary model with pure decoherence, would lead to Quantum Darwinism.
Finally, we discuss what happens with Quantum Darwinism after introducing into the iterative random unitary qubit model with pure decoherence (asymmetric) dissipation and dephasing, again in accord with V. Scarani et al (Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 097905 (2002)), and reconstruct the corresponding dissipative-dephasing attractor space. We conclude that dephasing does not influence the dynamics of quantum systems in Zurek’s qubit model of Quantum Darwinism. Similarly, we see that also within the random unitary evolution dephasing does not alter or influence the (dis-)appearance of Quantum Darwinism: i.e. the random unitary evolution of a quantum state governed by the quantum operation enclosing pure decoherence, dissipation and dephasing is in the asymptotic limit of many iterations significantly determined by the interplay between pure decoherence and dissipation, whereas the dephasing part of the random unitary evolution does not contribute to the corresponding asymptotic attractor space of the random unitary iteration.
|Place of Publication:||Darmstadt|
|Classification DDC:||500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 500 Naturwissenschaften
500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 530 Physik
|Divisions:||05 Department of Physics
05 Department of Physics > Institute of Applied Physics
|Date Deposited:||22 Feb 2016 10:01|
|Last Modified:||22 Feb 2016 10:01|
|Referees:||Alber, Dr.rer.nat Gernot and Walser, Dr.rer.nat Reinhold|
|Refereed:||1 February 2016|