Single-electron analysis and open charm cross section in proton-proton collisions at √s = 7 TeV.
Technische Universität, Darmstadt
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2012)
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|Item Type:||Ph.D. Thesis|
|Title:||Single-electron analysis and open charm cross section in proton-proton collisions at √s = 7 TeV|
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN is the world’s highest energy hadron collider, providing proton- proton collisions currently at a centre-of-mass energy √s = 8 TeV and Pb-Pb collisions at √sNN = 2.76 TeV. This opens a new energy regime, which allows the study of QCD in elementary pp-collisions and in the extreme environment of Pb-Pb collisions, as well as providing a discovery potential for rare and exotic particles. ALICE is the dedicated heavy-ion experiment at the LHC. The experiment is optimised to provide excellent tracking and particle identification capabilities, in particular at low-pt, where the bulk of the particles is produced in heavy-ion collisions as well as in proton-proton collisions. The production of heavy quarks is described in proton-proton collisions by next-to-leading order per- turbative QCD (pQCD) calculations. Thus, the measurement of heavy-quark production in proton-proton collisions serves as a test of pQCD. Measurements performed at SPS, RHIC, and Tevatron experiments showed a good agreement with pQCD, where the data were usually at the upper limit of the prediction. In addition, measurements in proton-proton collisions serve as reference for heavy-ion collisions, in which heavy quarks are essential probes for parton energy loss in a deconfined medium. Heavy-quark produc- tion can be studied either with hadronic or in semi-leptonic decay channels. The analysis presented in this thesis is performed in the semi-electronic decay channel with the ALICE apparatus. A crucial device for the electron selection is the Transition Radiation Detector (TRD), which provides an important contribution to the electron-pion separation for momenta larger than 1 GeV/c. In November 2010, the first data were recorded with the experiment. The electron selection performance was studied for the first time on real data using data-driven methods. A pion-rejection factor of 23 at a momentum of 2 GeV/c was obtained using a likelihood method on the total charge deposit in the detector for tracks with the maximum amount of charge deposit measurements. The inclusive electron pt-spectrum, which contains contributions from heavy-flavour hadrons as well as from various background sources, was measured for 0.5 GeV/c < pt < 8 GeV/c in proton-proton collisions at √s = 7 TeV at midrapidity (|y| < 0.5). The contribution of background electrons was quantified using a cocktail method, and it was subtracted from the inclusive spectrum. For the resulting spectrum of electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays a signal-to-background ratio of 1 was observed at pt = 2 GeV/c. This ratio grows with increasing electron pt up to ≈5 at pt = 8 GeV/c. The pt-differential cross section of electrons from heavy-flavour hadron decays obtained by this method is in good agreement with fixed-order plus next-to-leading logarithm pQCD (FONLL) predictions. The total ￼￼￼charm cross section in proton-proton collisions obtained from this analysis is σc = 7.6 ± 0.3(stat) ± 2.9(sys) -2.5 +3.2(extr) ± 0.3(norm) ± 0.3(br) mb.
|Place of Publication:||Darmstadt|
|Classification DDC:||500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 530 Physik|
|Divisions:||05 Department of Physics|
|Date Deposited:||27 Nov 2012 12:28|
|Last Modified:||07 Dec 2012 12:06|
|Referees:||Braun-Munzinger, Professor Peter and Wambach, Professor Jochen|
|Refereed:||31 October 2012|