Samman, Faizal Arya
Microarchitecture and Implementation of Networks-on-Chip with a Flexible Concept for Communication Media Sharing.
TU Darmstadt / Fachgebiet Integrierte Elektronische System
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2010)
Microarchitecture and Implementation of Networks-on-Chip with a Flexible Concept for Communication Media Sharing -
(Faizal A. Samman, Diss. TU Darmstadt 2010)
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|Item Type:||Ph.D. Thesis|
|Title:||Microarchitecture and Implementation of Networks-on-Chip with a Flexible Concept for Communication Media Sharing|
This thesis proposes a concept, VLSI microarchitecture and implementation of a network on-chip (NoC) supporting a flexible communication media share methodology. The concept and methodology are based on a variable dynamic local identity tag (ID-tag) management technique, where different messages can be interleaved at flit-level on the same communication channel. Each message is multiplexed and allocated to a local ID slot on the shared channel. In order to implement the concept and methodology, a special packet format will be introduced, where additional two control bit fields, i.e. an ID-tag field and a flit-type field, are attached on every flit of the message in line with a data word. The reserved ID slot number, to which the message is allocated, is attributed in the ID-tag field. The flit-type field together with the ID-tag field is used to identify the messages and the type of every message flit, and to control the behavior of certain components in the NoC switch (NoC router) at runtime (during application execution time). The type of the flits is classified into a header used to open the ID-tag reservation, a databody, or a tail flit that is used to terminate the ID-tag reservation. When entering a new communication channel, the ID-tag of a message is updated. Each message is allocated to a new local ID slot and organized in such a way, that flits belonging to the same message will have the same ID-tag on every communication channel. Therefore, an ID management unit is integrated in a switch multiplexor component at every output port of the NoC router to organize the ID-tag reservation or the ID slot allocation procedure. In order to guarantee a correct routing path configuration at runtime, a routing engine component consisting of a routing state machine and a routing reservation table is implemented on each input port. The routing engine routes the interleaved different messages based on their ID-tag. The proposed concept and methodology have impacts on the implementation of advantageous and extensive features in the NoC router compared with the existing NoC concepts presented in the literature. The basic advantageous application of the proposed concept and methodology is the ability to implement a new wormhole switching method called wormhole flit-level cut-through switching method to overcome the head-of-line blocking problems commonly occur when using traditional wormhole switching method. The problem is solved by allowing the flits of the competing wormhole messages to be interleaved at flit level in the same communication link without using virtual channels. The proposed concept allows us to implement a new deadlock-free tree-based multicast routing methodology with static or adaptive routing algorithm, where the routing engines used to route the unicast and multicast messages are the same, resulting in a low-area overhead multicast routing engine. The thesis introduces also a new theory for deadlock-free multicast routing suitable for NoCs. The theory is formulated based on a new simple and smart mechanism to handle multicast contentions called hold-release tagging mechanism. The multicast deadlock configuration problem in the tree-based multicast routing is solved without the use of virtual channels. Beside (1) the new wormhole switching method and (2) the new deadlock-free multicast routing method mentioned before, the proposed concept allow us, (3) to develop a new adaptive routing selection strategy (contention- and bandwidth-aware adaptive routing selection strategy), (4) to develop a switched virtual circuit configuration method based on the ID-division multiple access technique for implementing a runtime connection-oriented guaranteed-bandwidth service, and (5) to combine the connectionless best-effort and the connection-oriented guaranteed-bandwidth services in a single NoC router prototype. This doctoral thesis introduces in general a NoC router prototype called XhiNoC (eXtendable Hierarchical Network-on Chip). The VLSI microarchitecture of the XhiNoC routers is flexible and extendable, in which the generic components of the NoC router can be simply replaced by extended components. If needed, a number of new signal paths is added. Hence, a new NoC router prototype with the aforementioned extensive services, such as adaptive routing service, multicast routing service and connection-oriented guaranteed-bandwidth service can be designed from the basic VLSI microarchitecture of the XHiNoC Router.
|Classification DDC:||600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften > 600 Technik
|Divisions:||Fachbereich Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik > Mikroelektronische Systeme
Fachbereich Elektrotechnik und Informationstechnik
|Date Deposited:||14 Aug 2010 11:33|
|Last Modified:||07 Dec 2012 11:58|
Tag der Einreichung: 26.01.2010
Tag der Einreichung: 26.01.2010
|Referees:||Glesner, Prof. Dr. Manfred and Eveking, Prof. Dr.- Hans|
|Refereed:||8 June 2010|
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