A Theory for Magnetic Fluctuations in Strongly Correlated Electron-Systems.
Technische Universität, Darmstadt
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2010)
Phd. Thesis: A Theory for Magnetic Fluctuations in Strongly Correlated Electron-Systems -
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|Item Type:||Ph.D. Thesis|
|Title:||A Theory for Magnetic Fluctuations in Strongly Correlated Electron-Systems|
Strongly correlated electron systems show a rich variety of astonishing physical phenomena. However, the strong interactions make the theoretical description of these systems a highly non-trivial task. Even the simplest models cannot be solved exactly, and one has to reside to approximative solutions, which often cover only certain aspects of the physics contained in these models. In recent years progress has been made in the theoretical description of correlated lattice systems through the mapping of lattice models onto effective impurity models. The most prominent example is the mapping of the Hubbard model onto an effective single impurity Anderson model (SIAM). Within this description both models feature the prominent Kondo effect, which leads to the emergence of low energy quasiparticles. The occurrence of such excitations is a result of the dynamical screening of local magnetic moments and the corresponding formation of a low temperature Fermi liquid phase. On the other hand these theories usually fail in the description of non Fermi liquid behavior, which is for example observed in the normal state of high temperature superconductors and some Heavy-Fermion systems. Strong nonlocal fluctuations drive the dynamics of these systems. In the theoretical treatment, due to the mapping of the lattice problem to an effective single impurity problem, these fluctuations are not adequately described.\\\\ In this thesis a new self-consistent approach for the inclusion of spatial correlations is presented for the Hubbard model. In contrast to existing quantum cluster theories in this field, the approach allows for the simultaneous description of short and long range pair correlations. Due to the intimate connection of this new lattice theory with the two impurity Anderson model (TIAM) a thorough numerical investigation of the TIAM is undertaken in this thesis. The competition of the Kondo effect with the RKKY interactions is studied in great detail. Furthermore two new solvers for the TIAM are introduced, which extend existing non crossing approximations for the SIAM.
|Place of Publication:||Darmstadt|
|Classification DDC:||500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 530 Physik|
|Divisions:||05 Department of Physics > Institute for condensed matter physics|
|Date Deposited:||12 May 2010 07:34|
|Last Modified:||07 Dec 2012 11:57|
|Referees:||Grewe, Prof. Dr. Norbert and Jürgen, Prof. Dr. Berges|
|Refereed:||3 May 2010|