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Revealing CSA Tensors and Hydrogen Bonding in Methoxycarbonyl Urea: A combined ¹³C, ¹⁵N and ¹³C¹⁴N₂ Dipolar Chemical Shift NMR and DFT Study

Macholl, Sven ; Börner, Frank ; Buntkowsky, Gerd (2021):
Revealing CSA Tensors and Hydrogen Bonding in Methoxycarbonyl Urea: A combined ¹³C, ¹⁵N and ¹³C¹⁴N₂ Dipolar Chemical Shift NMR and DFT Study. (Publisher's Version)
In: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, 217 (12), pp. 1473-1506. De Gruyter, ISSN 0942-9352, e-ISSN 2196-7156,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019692,
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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication service
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: Revealing CSA Tensors and Hydrogen Bonding in Methoxycarbonyl Urea: A combined ¹³C, ¹⁵N and ¹³C¹⁴N₂ Dipolar Chemical Shift NMR and DFT Study
Language: English
Abstract:

Methoxycarbonyl urea (MCU), a potential long-term nitrogen fertilizer, is studied by ¹³C and ¹⁵N dipolar chemical shift NMR spectroscopy and ab initio calculations. Employing a combination of dipolar chemical shift NMR, selective isotope labeling and ab initio gas phase calculations, possible molecular structures and chemical shielding tensors of all ¹⁵N nuclei and of two out of the three ¹³C nuclei were revealed. Four possible stable configurations of the molecule with different energies were found in the calculations. The CSA tensors were calculated for these configurations. While the calculated ¹³C(urea) CSA tensor orientation of the configuration with the lowest energy is in good agreement with the experimental tensor orientation, there are pronounced differences between calculated and experimental tensor eigenvalues. These differences are a clear indication of the presence of intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the experimental sample, which are neglected in the gas phase calculations. Four different possible orientations of the experimental ¹³C(urea) CSA tensor exist, due to symmetry. This ambiguity is solved by comparison with results from GIAO calculations of the ¹³C CSA tensor, employing the minimum energy configuration (EEZ). It is found that the orientation, where δ11 points approximately in direction of N(imide), δ22 approximately in direction of the C=O bond, and δ33 is oriented perpendicular to the molecular frame, is adopted in the molecule.

Journal or Publication Title: Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie
Journal volume: 217
Number: 12
Publisher: De Gruyter
Classification DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 540 Chemie
Divisions: 07 Department of Chemistry > Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2021 11:34
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2021 11:34
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019692
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-196929
Additional Information:

Keywords: Solid State NMR / ¹³C-CSA / ¹⁵N-CSA / Dipolar Chemical Shift NMR / Ab Initio / Hydrogen Bond / Methoxycarbonyl Urea / Chemical Shift Referencing

URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/19692
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