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Model Surfaces for Paper Fibers Prepared from Carboxymethyl Cellulose and Polycations

Lux, Cassia ; Tilger, Thomas ; Geisler, Ramsia ; Soltwedel, Olaf ; Klitzing, Regine von (2021):
Model Surfaces for Paper Fibers Prepared from Carboxymethyl Cellulose and Polycations. (Publisher's Version)
In: Polymers, 13 (3), MDPI, e-ISSN 2073-4360,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019319,
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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication via sponsored Golden Open Access
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: Model Surfaces for Paper Fibers Prepared from Carboxymethyl Cellulose and Polycations
Language: English
Abstract:

For tailored functionalization of cellulose based papers, the interaction between paper fibers and functional additives must be understood. Planar cellulose surfaces represent a suitable model system for studying the binding of additives. In this work, polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) are prepared by alternating dip-coating of the negatively charged cellulose derivate carboxymethyl cellulose and a polycation, either polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDADMAC) or chitosan (CHI). The parameters varied during PEM formation are the concentrations (0.1–5 g/L) and pH (pH = 2–6) of the dipping solutions. Both PEM systems grow exponentially, revealing a high mobility of the polyelectrolytes (PEs). The pH-tunable charge density leads to PEMs with different surface topographies. Quartz crystal microbalance experiments with dissipation monitoring (QCM-D) reveal the pronounced viscoelastic properties of the PEMs. Ellipsometry and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurements show that the strong and highly charged polycation PDADMAC leads to the formation of smooth PEMs. The weak polycation CHI forms cellulose model surfaces with higher film thicknesses and a tunable roughness. Both PEM systems exhibit a high water uptake when exposed to a humid environment, with the PDADMAC/carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) PEMs resulting in a water uptake up to 60% and CHI/CMC up to 20%. The resulting PEMs are water-stable, but water swellable model surfaces with a controllable roughness and topography.

Journal or Publication Title: Polymers
Journal volume: 13
Number: 3
Publisher: MDPI
Collation: 16 Seiten
Classification DDC: 500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik > 530 Physik
Divisions: 05 Department of Physics > Institute for Condensed Matter Physics
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2021 07:34
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2021 11:58
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019319
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-193199
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/19319
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