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Revisiting the prioritization of emotional information in iconic memory

Kattner, Florian ; Clausen, Alexandra (2021):
Revisiting the prioritization of emotional information in iconic memory. (Publisher's Version)
In: Royal Society Open Science, 7 (10), The Royal Society Publishing, e-ISSN 2054-5703,
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019268,
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Item Type: Article
Origin: Secondary publication via sponsored Golden Open Access
Status: Publisher's Version
Title: Revisiting the prioritization of emotional information in iconic memory
Language: English
Abstract:

In this replication study, the previously reported prioritization of emotional stimuli in iconic memory (Kuhbandner et al. 2011. Psychol. Sci. 22, 695–700. (doi:10.1177/0956797611406445)) was reinvestigated. Therefore, recall from iconic memory was measured for sets of visual images that were briefly presented in the periphery of the visual field. Using a partial-report technique, a central arrow presented at varying delays after the images was pointing to the location of the to-be-recalled target. In the direct replication (experiment 1, n = 41), participants were asked to verbally report the cued image (note that the entire planned sample size could not be reached owing to the COVID- 19 pandemic), and in an extension experiment (experiment 2, n = 55), iconic memory was tested using a visual recognition test. Both experiments demonstrated prioritized selection of emotional targets from iconic memory, with higher verbal recall and visual recognition accuracy for negative and positive targets compared to neutral targets. In addition, we found that the presence of emotional distractors in the set interfered with the selection of neutral targets, thus confirming a trend that was observed in the original study. Exponential decay curves further revealed that both target and distractor valence primarily affected initial availability (in case of verbal recall) and attentional selection, whereas the decay of iconic memory with increasing cue delay was less sensitive to the emotional meaning.

Journal or Publication Title: Royal Society Open Science
Journal volume: 7
Number: 10
Publisher: The Royal Society Publishing
Collation: 15 Seiten
Classification DDC: 100 Philosophie und Psychologie > 150 Psychologie
Divisions: 03 Department of Human Sciences > Institute for Psychology > Applied Cognitive Psychology
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2021 07:40
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2021 07:40
DOI: 10.26083/tuprints-00019268
Corresponding Links:
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-192688
URI: https://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/19268
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