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Party Systems and Cleavages in pre-Communist Albania. The Kaleidoscope of the German and Greek Diplomacy

Karagiannopoulou, Zacharoula :
Party Systems and Cleavages in pre-Communist Albania. The Kaleidoscope of the German and Greek Diplomacy.
TU Darmstadt
[Ph.D. Thesis], (2009)

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Item Type: Ph.D. Thesis
Title: Party Systems and Cleavages in pre-Communist Albania. The Kaleidoscope of the German and Greek Diplomacy
Language: English
Abstract:

This dissertation deals with cleavages and parties in pre-communist Albania (1912-1944). It’s a research of the political past of Albania through the kaleidoscope, mainly of the German and Greek, diplomatic sources with the effort to detect the causes of the formation and development of parties in Albania. The main assumption is –that given the “special” social picture of the country and its unique place in the international chessboard– the circumstances would be favorable for the existence of cleavages. The study focuses on socio-economic conditions, the ethnic and religious heterogeneity and the traditional (mainly agrarian) social class structure as well as on the country’s peculiarities (movement for independence, irredenta feelings) and their influence on the political life of the country. By applying the cleavages theory as an analytical framework of analysis, this study shows that a variety of cleavages can be observed in Albania, which can also explain the formation and development of parties in this country. However, Petropoulos’(1997) model concerning the nature of political parties provides the most appropriate approach (for the case) to explain the Albanian party system between 1912 and 1944.

Alternative Abstract:
Alternative AbstractLanguage
Diese Dissertation beschäftigt sich mit Cleavages und der Herausbildung und Entwicklung von Parteien in Albanien zwischen 1912 und 1944, wobei schwerpunktmäßig auf Berichte der deutschen und griechischen Botschaften in Albanien zurückgegriffen wird. Diese Studie zielt darauf ab, die Herausbildung und Entwicklung von Parteien in Albanien vor dem Hintergrund sozialökonomischer Umstände, der ethnischen und religiösen Heterogenität und traditionellen sozialen Klassenstrukturen sowie besonderer politischer Bedingungen (Irredentismus und Unabhängigkeitsbewegung) zu erforschen. Die Studie greift dabei auf der Cleavagestheorie zurück und zeigt, dass zwar eine Reihe von Cleavages in Albanien im Untersuchungszeitraum existierten und diese auch die politische Entwicklung Albaniens bedingt haben. Eine hinlängliche Erklärung der Herausbildung und Entwicklung von Parteien ist mit ihnen jedoch nicht möglich. Vielmehr hat sich das von Petropoulos (1997) entwickelte Model für die Erklärung als geeigneter erwiesenGerman
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cleavages, political parties, Albanian politics, German diplomacy, Italian diplomacy, territorial cleavage, religious cleavage, ideological cleavage, communist/anti communist cleavage, party system
Alternative keywords:
Alternative keywordsLanguage
Cleavages, political parties, Albanian politics, German diplomacy, Italian diplomacy, territorial cleavage, religious cleavage, ideological cleavage, communist/anti communist cleavage, party systemEnglish
Classification DDC: 300 Sozialwissenschaften > 320 Politik
Divisions: Fachbereich Gesellschafts- und Geschichtswissenschaften > Politikwissenschaft
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2009 11:44
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2012 11:54
URN: urn:nbn:de:tuda-tuprints-12347
License: Simple publication rights for ULB
Referees: Heinelt, Prof. Dr. Hubert and Nixdorff, Prof. Dr. Peter and Moschonas, Prof. Dr. Andreas
Refereed: 30 June 2004
URI: http://tuprints.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/id/eprint/1234
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